While there are many different types of roofing systems you can use on your home, you would be best served by choosing one that works well with the climate in your area. As a rule of thumb, look at the predominant type of roofing system used in your neighborhood. The varieties you see will usually be composed mostly of types that work well in your area.
Once you have decided on the type of roofing system you want, check in with professional roofing contractors. It is best to investigate at least three companies to find out their reputation, work ethic, and cost. The cheapest estimate is not always the best buy. Check their local registrations and certifications to be sure they are going to finish your job. Call the references provided for first-hand reports.
Depending on your needs, there are three major categories of shingles you can use. Strip shingles are the cheapest and lightest fond. They are usually used more on rental residential houses and low-budget commercial properties. Dimensional shingles are the next grade up. These shingles are duel-layered so as to build up a thicker level and give a heavier look to the roof covering. Premium shingles are even heavier and made up of stronger materials. They can be reflective to bounce sunlight off and provide greater energy savings or they can be more impact resistant for protection from flying debris in high wind or routine storm areas.
Slate roofing systems are very heavy and cannot be used on all structures unless they are reinforced to manage it. Slate comes in both natural and a synthetic form. Using polymer composite, these synthetic slate shingles can simulate many various textures, and contour designs,as well as being a cheaper, lighter alternative to natural slate. Synthetic slate also has the advantage of being highly shatter resistant compared to the natural material. These tiles also provide several interlocking features to prevent even heavy storms from driving water into the inner structure.
A cool roof is designed for the maximum of solar reflectivity as well as quick thermal transference of the heat away from the roof. While traditionally these roofs are white, some other light colors have been created for more aesthetic appeal. These roofs are much more prevalent in cities as they help prevent the “heat well” effect a city can have on the local weather effects. They provide better air conditioning for the interiors.